A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that can occur after an impact to your head or after a whiplash injury. It results in temporary loss of normal brain function. We have heard a lot about athletes getting concussions, but it can happen to anyone and are actually pretty common. Some signs of concussion are:
- Loss of memory
- problems with vision
- balance problems
- Among others
The standard treatment for concussion is rest. Maybe some acetaminophen and cognitive therapy, is all depending on the severity of the concussion.
It’s a serious matter but thankfully there is technology helping doctors diagnose them better. We have the standard and most common diagnostic imaging like CT scans and MRIs to make sure there’s no bruising or bleeding in your brain, plus a good health history and neurological examination. Now newer technology that might be less expensive for the patient and more comfortable for them as well are been tried. Here a link with the list from the FDA: https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/neurological-devices/medical-devices-assessing-head-injury
Here I present some of them (info from the websites of those companies):
Brainscope® is a medical neurotechnology company that focus in the assessment of brain injury, including concussion. One of their cool and innovative products is “Brainscope one” is a non-invasive, handheld platform that allows physicians to assess head injures. The device is FDA-cleared and is based off of EEG technology. BrainScope One is painless and can be used on patients aged 18-85 years old within three days of a head injury. It measure and interprets brain activity and neurocognitive function to help physicians make clinical diagnoses. https://brainscope.com
The “Infrascanner” from Infrascan, enables clinicians to effectively, conveniently, and accurately detect intracranial bleeding in patients with head trauma. InfraScan, Inc. is a medical device company that invented and distributes hand-held diagnostic devices for head injury and stroke assessment based on Near-Infrared (NIR) technology. https://infrascanner.com/about/
Another company that works with the diagnosis of Concussions is ImPACT. Post-injury testing is comprised of computerized assessments that measure reaction time, memory capacity, speed of mental processing, and executive functioning scores for memory (visual and verbal), reaction, and speed. They also provide baseline testing (before an injury). They claim to be used by healthcare system, educational, and sports organizations to help assess and manage concussions.https://impactconcussion.com
The company Oculogica offers “The EyeBOX “. In under 4 minutes, Oculogica’s proprietary technology collects and analyzes over 100,000 data points to generate an objective assessment. Its technology is based on research relating cranial nerve function to eye movements, not subjective patient symptoms. http://www.oculogica.com
There are more devices and new test/technology.
Pic: Jesse Orrico, Unsplash